Getting Started with Chironomid Fishing
Want to really up your lake fishing game, especially in the first part of the season? Getting your chironomid fishing skills dialled in will help increase your angling success.
Chironomids can make up a large part of a trout’s diet (25%-50%), so matching the hatch and using what they are eating the most of would be a smart move towards improving your productivity while out on the lake.
There are a couple ways to approach fishing this insect, depth of the water can be a determining factor on style of fishing. In this blog post we will look at the floating line and sinking line methods for fishing chironomids. First, we’ll cover some of the equipment basics.
Fly rods for this fishery typically range from 9’-10’ in length and in line weights of 4wt-6wt.
Reels should be sized to match the rod and loaded with the appropriate amount of backing.
As far as fly selection goes some chironomids are good, but more is better. Chironomids come in a wide variety of sizes (#8-#22) and colours. Here are some of the most common ones you’ll want to have in your fly box: black, brown, bright green, endless shades of olives, maroon, red and chrome/silver colours.
It can be amazing at times how dialed into a certain colour or size of chironomid the fish can be and then like the flick of a light switch they can change to another. All of this leads to another very useful piece of equipment, a stomach pump with some glass vials.
A stomach pump (more of a throat pump actually) can be used to extract the most recently eaten insects from the fish without causing harm. Once a sample has been extracted you squirt the contents into a glass vial for a quick inspection and then hopefully match the hatch.
Now obviously to get this sample one must first catch a fish, so what fly to start with? While yes, the array of different colours is extensive, there are some pretty standard colours that you can start with. Black or chrome/silver would be good ones to tie on first to try and get a fish to sample what their current favorite size and colour.
Anchors are another important piece to the chironomid fishing puzzle. When anchoring your boat, no matter what type of boat it is you want to keep it stationary, so double anchors are commonplace.
Another important piece of equipment is a depth sounder. Knowing how deep the water you are in is imperative to properly fish chironomids. As we previously mentioned we want to set up our gear a foot or two feet off the bottom this is a challenge when the depth is unknown. Your depth sounder should also display the temperature, another important piece of the puzzle.
- Humminbird Helix 5 G2 Chirp DI GPS w/Navionics
- Humminbird Piranha Max 4
- Garmin Striker Cast Portable Sonar
Chironomid Fishing with a Floating Line
Fishing chironomids with a floating fly line is one of the most popular and effective ways to fish them for trout. First off let us look at the full equipment set up.
Floating Fly Lines for Fishing with Strike Indicators
There are some options for fly lines that are specific to fishing chironomids such as the RIO Elite Extreme Indicator fly line, RIO InTouch Stillwater floating fly line and Scientific Anglers Andro Stillwater Indicator fly line. Other fly lines can definitely be used but these ones are designed specifically to help making casting with strike indicators easier.
Strike indicators are basically a small float for fly fishing. They are very popular when fishing chironomids as they allow an angler to hang their fly at a specific depth and allows one to see even the softest of bites.
There are many styles of indicators on the market for this type fishing. The quick-release style indicators are the most popular. The indicator is attached by running the leader line through a hollow peg that runs thru the indicator once the line has run thru the peg is pulled out and a loop of leader line then gets place inside the indicator and the peg is returned, by doing this when a fish strikes the loop pulls out and the indicator slides down the leader line.
This set up is a huge advantage when fishing deeper water as leader lengths can sometimes be quite long. Indicators are available in many sizes, we recommend a decent sized one as it makes it easier to see, especially if there is a bit of a chop on the water.
Indicators come in several colour options such as red, orange, pink, green and yellow. Indicator colour is personal preference and really boils down to what colour is most visible to your eyes, everyone is different, there is no right or wrong choice here.
Leader Set Up
There are many ways to attack your leader set up and they can all work but here’s our favourite way to set up this rig.
It’s commonplace to set your gear up to fish a foot or two off the bottom, of course there can be exceptions to this, but this range is most common.
So let us say we are in 16’ of water, we would start with a 10’ of regular mono or tippet material in the 6lb-10lb range, then attach a small swivel and tie on another 4’ of line this time use fluorocarbon 4lb-10lb.
Here is the method to the madness in this leader set up. Having the straight mono is thinner diameter then using a tapered leader thus cutting thru the water column faster and getting your fly to the desired depth faster, the small swivel helps add a tad bit more weight plus it’s easier to tie your fluorocarbon to than using a blood knot or surgeon’s knot.
Chironomid Fishing with a Floating Line with No Indicator (Naked)
Some anglers fish the floating line method without an indicator, this is known as fishing “naked”. This can also be a productive way to fish so don’t be afraid to give it a go but please keep your clothes on.
- RIO Gold Premier floating fly line
- Scientific Anglers Amplitude MPX Floating Fly Line
- Scientific Anglers Frequency Trout Floating Line
Floating Line Fishing Strategies
Chironomids are not a fast-travelling insect by any means. They rise up from the bottom of the lake and hatch into an adult at a very slow pace. Sometimes the best way to mimic the action of a chironomid is to just let your fly sit there motionlessly suspended in the water.
Sit and Wait
When fishing a floating line make your cast and then keep nice and tight to the line, by this we mean avoid having slack in your line and let it sit.
Retrieve, Pause, Retrieve, Pause…
Some days retrieving the fly with little bumps can be the ticket having your fly move a bit in amongst all the real flies can be enough to grab a fish’s attention and have it bite your fly.
Slow and Steady
Another tried, tested and proven method is a slow steady retrieve can be the ticket.
Don’t hesitate to try different methods during the day, switching it up can help you increase your odds of hook ups.
Chironomid Fishing with a Sinking Line
Once we get into water depths of over 25’ the sinking line method of chironomid fishing should be considered. It becomes a challenge to cast the long leaders needed to fish at these depths using the floating line method. Instead, you should switch a full sinking fly line without an indicator. You leader set up will be the same as discussed above.
- RIO Fathom 6 Sinking Line
- RIO InTouch Deep 6 Sinking Line
- Scientific Anglers Sonar Stillwater Seamless Density Sinking Line
Sinking Line Fishing Strategies
A good way to approach the sinking line method is to first anchor your boat and attach a weight to the end of your leader, strip out line and then lower the weight to the bottom of the lake, reel in the excess line and strip the weight back to the surface, remove the weight and replace with your fly, then cast your line out.
Allow the line to sink vertical below you, bring it up a foot or two and the rod can either be place in a rod holder or held onto awaiting a bite.
If you place the rod in a rod holder and you are in a boat by yourself on the lake then you are allowed to fish two rods (if there’s two of you in the boat fishing two rods per angler is no longer allowed) so this is a great opportunity to try some other patterns such as casting and retrieving a leech or dragonfly nymph.
You can also do a slow retrieve with the sinking line method. This method can help locate fish at different depths in the water column as the fly is being brought up. The key to this method is slow, slow, slow and when you think you’re going slow, go even slower.
Time of Day and Time of Year
The primetime for chironomid fishing season is usually just after ice off as well as into the first few weeks of June. This timing can be affected by the weather, a warmer spring will shorten the window for most lakes but there some exceptions to this rule as well. Tunkwa Lake for example has a great fishery in August when the bomber chironomids hatch (big chironomids) and there can be a Fall fishery as well but the Spring is the most common time for the best fishing.
The nice thing about Chironomid fishing is it’s not usually a first thing in the morning fishery so being up in the dark to be out on the lake isn’t really necessary. There can be exceptions to this but usually most of your hatches are going to be from later morning 10am to the afternoon to 3:00pm or 4:00pm.
“Chironomid Fishing is Boring”
This is something we hear get stated sometimes and yes for sure if you anchor up in a spot all day and sit there with no bites it’s not exactly going to be exhilarating. There are days where the bite’s just not on, unsettled weather, cooler temps can all lead to slower days on the water.
To be successful at chironomid fishing you still must “fish” by this we mean don’t stay in the same spot all day. If it’s not happening in an area then move, sometimes it doesn’t take much of a move to be on the fish, try casting to different areas around your boat, move the fly instead of letting it sit, change flies, be active and find the fish.
When you get chironomid fishing dialled in it can truly be a fish ever cast some days, those days are far from boring, so give chironomid fishing a try this spring it can be highly productive and a lot of fun.
If you have any questions, please give us a call at 604-931-5044 or send us an email at email@example.com or stop by the shop #110-1140 Austin Ave in Coquitlam, BC.
Good luck on the water.
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